Fragen in Englisch – Questions – Fragestellung

Natürlich kann man auch in Englisch Fragen stellen. Dies ist im Prinzip nicht schwer, man muss nur wissen, wie es in den verschiedenen Zeiten funktioniert.
Im Folgenden wird die Bildung und Anwendung von Fragen anhand von Beispielen deutlich.

Bildung:

Das Subjekt wird in jeder Zeit umschlossen von einem Hilfsverb, also einer Form von (to) be, (to) do oder (to) have. Diese muss man natürlich an das jeweilige Subjekt angleichen. Und nicht vergessen: He, she, it, das ‘s‘ muss mit!

ZeitformBildungBeispiel
Simple Present
(einfache Gegenwart)
Form von (to) do + Subjekt + Infinitiv des VollverbsDo I play?
Do you play?
Does he/she/it play?
Do we play?
Do you play?
Do they play?
Present Progressive
(Verlaufsform der Gegenwart)
Form von (to) be + Subjekt + ‘ing’-Form des VollverbsAm I playing?
Are you playing?
Is he/she/it playing?
Are we playing?
Are you playing?
Are they playing?
Simple Past
(einfache Vergangenheit)
Vergangenheitsform von (to) do + Subjekt + Infinitiv des VollverbsDid I play?
Did you play?
Did he/she/it play?
Did we play?
Did you play?
Did they play?
Past Progressive
(Verlaufsform der Vergangenheit)
Vergangenheitsform von (to) be + Subjekt + ‘ing‘-Form des VollverbsWas I playing?
Were you playing?
Was he/she/it playing?
Were we playing?
Were you playing?
Were they playing?
Present Perfect
(vollendete Gegenwart)
Form von (to) have + Subjekt + Partizip Perfekt / 3. Form des VollverbsHave I played?
Have you played?
Has he/she/it played?
Have we played?
Have you played?
Have they played?
Present Perfect Progressive
(Verlaufsform der vollendeten Gegenwart)
Form von (to) have + Subjekt + Partizip Perfekt / 3. Form von (to) be + ‘ing‘-FormHave I been playing?
Have you been playing?
Has he/she/it been playing?
Have we been playing?
Have you been playing?
Have they been playing?
Past Perfect
(Plusquamperfekt)
Vergangenheitsform von (to) have + Subjekt + Partizip Perfekt / 3. Form des VollverbsHad I played?
Had you played?
Had he/she/it played?
Had we played?
Had you played?
Had they played?
Past Perfect Progressive
(Verlaufsform des Plusquamperfekt)
Vergangenheitsform von (to) have + Subjekt + Partizip Perfekt / 3. Form von (to) be + ‘ing’-Form des VollverbsHad I been playing?
Had you been playing?
Had he/she/it been playing?
Had we been playing?
Had you been playing?
Had they been playing?
Future I Simple
(Zukunft)
‘will’ + Subjekt + Infinitiv des VollverbsWill I play?
Will you play?
Will he/she/it play?
Will we play?
Will you play?
Will they play?
Future I Progressive
(Verlaufsform der Zukunft)
‘will‘ + Subjekt + (to) be + ‘ing‘-FormWill I be playing?
Will you be playing?
Will he/she/it be playing?
Will we be playing?
Will you be playing?
Will they be playing?
Future II Simple
(vollendete Zukunft)
‘will‘ + Subjekt + (to) have + Partizip Perfekt / 3. Form des VollverbsWill I have played?
Will you have played?
Will he/she/it have played?
Will we have played?
Will you have played?
Will they have played?
Future II Progressive
(Verlaufsform der vollendeten Zukunft)
‘will‘ + Subjekt + have been + ‘ing‘-FormWill I have been played?
Will you have been played?
Will he/she/it have been played?
Will we have been played?
Will you have been played?
Will they have been played?

Wie du siehst, ist eigentlich immer nur die 3.Person Singular eine Ausnahme!
Ab Past Perfect (siehe Tabelle) wird jedoch jede Person gleich gebildet.
Viel Spaß beim Fragen stellen…

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